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J Invasive Cardiol. 2000 Dec;12 Suppl E:E14-8;discussion E25-8.

Low-molecular-weight heparin therapy in percutaneous coronary intervention: the NICE 1 and NICE 4 trials. National Investigators Collaborating on Enoxaparin Investigators.

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The Carl and Edyth Lindner Center for Research and Education, Cincinnati, OH 45219, USA.


Early coronary intervention in patients with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS) may be facilitated by adjunctive pharmacotherapies. Concomitant therapies such as low-molecular-weight heparins and platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor blockade offer advantages in safety and efficacy during coronary intervention. Data from randomized clinical trials support the administration of both enoxaparin and platelet GP IIb/IIIa blockade to patients who present with non-ST segment elevation ACS. Enoxaparin, with its proven efficacy, predictability of action, and ease of administration, has been shown to be superior to unfractionated heparin in preventing major coronary events. Abciximab administration during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces the incidence of ischemic adverse outcomes and appears to improve survival in long-term follow-up. The preliminary experience with combining these two therapies during PCI in the NICE 4 trial demonstrates a low incidence of minor/major bleeding and transfusion, and infrequent major cardiac events to 30 days follow-up. Algorithms for the use of these newer adjunctive pharmacotherapies in the care of patients presenting to the cardiac catheterization laboratory are presented.

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