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Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2000 Dec;15(6):371-7.

Attachment of Fusobacterium nucleatum PK1594 to mammalian cells and its coaggregation with periodontopathogenic bacteria are mediated by the same galactose-binding adhesin.

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1
Department of Oral Biology, Maurice and Gabriella Goldshleger School of Dental Medicine, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv, Tel-Aviv, 69978 Israel.

Abstract

It has been shown that Fusobacterium nucleatum PK1594 coaggregates with Prophyromonas gingivalis PK1924 through a galactose-binding adhesin. In the present study, attachment of F. nucleatum PK1594 to a variety of mammalian cells was characterized. F. nucleatum PK1594 attached to all eukaryotic cells tested, including human buccal epithelial cells, gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts, HeLa cells and murine lymphocytes, macrophages, and polymorphonuclear leukocytes. These attachments were (i) inhibited by galactose, lactose and N-acetylgalactosamine and (ii) inhibited by monoclonal antibody specific for the galactose-binding adhesin of F. nucleatum PK1594. In addition, a coaggregation-defective mutant of F. nucleatum PK1594 (PK2172), which does not exhibit galactose binding activity, did not attach to the mammalian cells. Coaggregation of F. nucleatum PK1594 with P. gingivalis PK 1924 and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans JP2, but not with other bacteria, showed a similar pattern with sugars, monoclonal antibody, and the adhesin-deficient mutant. The results suggest that the attachment of F. nucleatum PK1594 to mammalian cells and its coaggregation with periodontal pathogens are mediated by the same galactose-binding adhesin.

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