Send to

Choose Destination
Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2000 Jun;15(3):196-202.

The diversity of periodontal spirochetes by 16S rRNA analysis.

Author information

Department of Molecular Genetics, Forsyth Institute, 140 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


The purpose of this study was to examine the diversity of spirochetes in the subgingival pocket of multiple subjects with a range of periodontal conditions, including two healthy, one adult periodontitis, three acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, eight refractory periodontitis, and one human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) periodontitis. The 16S rRNA genes of spirochetes in plaque were amplified by polymerase chain reaction using spirochete selective primers. Over 500 clones were sequenced and subjected to phylogenetic analysis. The sequences clustered into the 10 known cultivated Treponema species and into 47 as-yet-uncultivated Treponema species. Most of these Treponema species were identified from multiple clones and subjects. The human periodontal pocket harbors a highly diverse treponeme population. Of the cultivated species, Treponema denticola, Treponema maltophilum and Treponema sp. Smibert-3 were most commonly encountered in diseased subjects but rarely in healthy subjects. Molecular tools based on the sequence data from this study will allow determination of the prevalence of cultivable and uncultivable treponemes in oral diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center