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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2001 Jan;(382):124-32.

Osteonecrosis of the femoral head after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Nagoya First Hospital.


A comparative retrospective analysis of 100 consecutive patients after bone marrow transplantation was performed with magnetic resonance imaging in addition to plain radiography for the development of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. The incidence and risk factors for osteonecrosis of the femoral head were identified, comparing various parameters concerning bone marrow transplantation between the groups with and without evidence of osteonecrosis. Nineteen (19%) of 100 patients had osteonecrosis of the femoral head develop. Four factors were found to be statistically significantly different between patients who had osteonecrosis develop and those who did not: younger age at the time of bone marrow transplantation, chronic graft-versus-host disease, cumulative dose of steroid, and intravenous pulse therapy with methylprednisolone. It was concluded that a low rate of complications and low dose steroid administration would reduce the incidence of osteonecrosis after bone marrow transplantation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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