Send to

Choose Destination
J Hum Lact. 2000 May;16(2):106-14; quiz 129-31.

Nipple shields for preterm infants: effect on milk transfer and duration of breastfeeding.

Author information

Rush Children's Hospital, Rush-Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, USA.


This study reports breastfeeding outcomes for 34 preterm infants whose mothers used ultrathin silicone nipple shields to increase milk transfer. Mean milk transfer was compared for 2 consecutive breastfeedings without and with the nipple shield. Total duration of breastfeeding was calculated for a maximum of 365 days. Mean milk transfer was significantly greater for feedings with the nipple shield (18.4 ml vs. 3.9 ml), with all 34 infants consuming more milk with the nipple shield in place. Mean duration of nipple shield use was 32.5 days, and mean duration of breastfeeding was 169.4 days; no association between these variables was noted. The nipple shield was used for 24.3% of the total breastfeeding experience, with no significant association between the percentage of time the shield was used and total duration of breastfeeding. These findings are the first to indicate that nipple shield use increases milk intake without decreasing total duration of breastfeeding for preterm infants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center