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Am J Gastroenterol. 2000 Dec;95(12):3529-36.

The impact of previous HBV infection on the course of chronic hepatitis C.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Loyola University at Chicago, Maywood, Illinois 60153, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Individuals with chronic hepatitis C who are anti-HBc positive may carry an occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection that can affect their response to antiviral therapy.

METHODS:

In this study the prevalence of anti-HBc and HBV-DNA positivity was assessed in the serum and liver of 285 HCV-RNA-positive subjects treated with interferon-alpha at 5 mU/day for 12 months. The response to interferon (normal ALT and undetectable serum HCV-RNA) was evaluated at three different endpoints: 1) after 6 months; 2) at the end of treatment; and 3) 6 months after interferon discontinuation.

RESULTS:

Ninety individuals were anti-HBc positive (32%), 2 of these were HBV-DNA positive in serum and 7 in liver (8%). None of the anti-HBc-negative individuals was HBV-DNA positive in serum or liver. The prevalence of cirrhosis was greater in the anti-HBc-positive group than in the anti-HBc-negative group (p < 0.05), whereas HCV-RNA levels were lower. Anti-HBc-positive individuals had a lower response rate to interferon at 6 months and at the end of treatment as compared to anti-HBc-negative subjects (respectively 42% vs 66%, p < 0.01; and 32% vs 57%, p < 0.01). No difference between the two groups in terms of sustained response was detected 6 months after interferon discontinuation.

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of anti-HBc is high among HCV-positive individuals. HCV-positive individuals who are anti-HBc positive have: 1) a higher prevalence of cirrhosis; 2) lower HCV-RNA levels; and 3) an impaired ability to respond to interferon treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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