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Childs Nerv Syst. 2000 Nov;16(10-11):776-99.

Disorders of CSF hydrodynamics.

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Department of Surgery, University of Sydney, N.S.W., Australia.


This article reviews the range of hydrodynamic disorders affecting the CSF circulation. Initially consideration is given to questions of definition and classification. A scheme for the practical, clinical analysis for the diagnosis of such disorders is then presented. The physiology and pathophysiology of the CSF circulation is reviewed, with particular emphasis on issues that remain unresolved. This provides a background to consideration of the adverse consequences of abnormal CSF hydrodynamics, again focusing on areas where further information is required. Methods of clinical investigation of CSF hydrodynamics are reviewed, followed by general considerations of treatment. Finally, each of the main, clinically important, forms of disordered CSF hydrodynamics is briefly considered, with particular emphasis, again, on areas where current knowledge is deficient. The conditions considered include hydrocephalus of various forms (childhood, adult, arrested, multi-compartment), infantile macrocephaly, arachnoid and glioependymal cysts, syringo- and hydromyelia, pseudotumour cerebri, impaired cranial venous outflow, altered CSF composition, shunt obstruction without ventricular enlargement and low-CSF-pressure states.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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