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J Immunol Methods. 2001 Jan 1;247(1-2):25-34.

Analysis of collagenase-cleavage of type II collagen using a neoepitope ELISA.

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Inflammation Biology, Pfizer Central Research, Pfizer Inc., Groton, CT 06340-8002, USA.


We have developed monoclonal antibody 5109 against a unique highly acidic sequence in type II collagen. When paired with previously reported monoclonal antibody 9A4, 5109 can be used as the capture antibody in an ELISA assay for the neoepitope generated by collagenase-cleavage of type II collagen. The assay detects the sequence ZGlyGluX(759)GlyAspAspGlyProSerGlyAlaGluGlyProX(771)GlyProGlnGly(775) where Z is a variable length polypeptide, X is proline or hydroxyproline, and Gly(775) corresponds to C-terminal amino acid of the 3/4 piece after collagenase cleavage. Antibody 5109 detects the first and 9A4 the second underlined sequence. Antibody 5109 recognizes its epitope with a K=1.2x10(-8) M independently of hydroxylation of X(759). When X(771) is proline, the sequence is 90x more sensitively detected by this ELISA than when it is hydroxyproline. Type II collagen of human articular cartilage was fragmented by cyanogen bromide (CNBr) and trypsin. The immunoreactive fragment was captured with 5109 and sequenced. Proline(771) averaged 81% hydroxylated. Other 3rd position prolines were >97% hydroxylated. In urine of control individuals of 50-70 years of age, we failed to detect the presence of the collagen fragment in a majority (8/10) of specimens. The two controls with measurable levels averaged 123 pM. In a similar age cohort of osteoarthritic patients, the majority (9/10) showed measurable values of urinary collagen fragments averaging 312 pM. This assay can be used for monitoring type II collagen metabolism in patients with osteoarthritis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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