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Biochemistry. 2001 Jan 16;40(2):531-42.

The skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor identified as a molecular target of [3H]azidodantrolene by photoaffinity labeling.

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Department of Anesthesia, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA.


Dantrolene is a skeletal muscle relaxant which acts by inhibiting intracellular Ca(2+) release from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). It is used primarily in the treatment of malignant hyperthermia (MH), a pharmacogenetic sensitivity to volatile anesthetics resulting in massive intracellular Ca(2+) release. Determination of the site and mechanism of action of dantrolene should contribute to the understanding of the regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) release in skeletal muscle. Photoaffinity labeling of porcine SR with [(3)H]azidodantrolene, a photoactivatable analogue of dantrolene, has identified a 160 kDa SR protein with immunologic cross-reactivity to skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RyR) as a possible target [Palnitkar et al. (1999) J. Med. Chem. 42, 1872-1880]. Here we demonstrate specific, AMP-PCP-enhanced, [(3)H]azidodantrolene photolabeling of both the RyR monomer and a 160 or 172 kDa protein in porcine and rabbit SR, respectively. The 160/172 kDa protein is shown to be the NH(2)-terminus of the RyR cleaved from the monomer by an endogenous protease activity consistent with that of n-calpain. MALDI-mass spectrometric analysis of the porcine 160 kDa protein identifies it as the 1400 amino acid NH(2)-terminal fragment of the skeletal muscle RyR reportedly generated by n-calpain [Shevchenko et al. (1998) J. Membr. Biol. 161, 33-34]. Immunoprecipitation of solubilized, [(3)H]azidodantrolene-photolabeled SR protein reveals that the cleaved 160/172 kDa protein remains associated with the C-terminal, 410 kDa portion of the RyR. [(3)H]Dantrolene binding to both the intact and the n-calpain-cleaved channel RyR is similarly enhanced by AMP-PCP. n-Calpain cleavage of the RyR does not affect [(3)H]dantrolene binding in the presence of AMP-PCP, but depresses drug binding in the absence of nucleotide. These results demonstrate that the NH(2)-terminus of the RyR is a molecular target for dantrolene, and suggest a regulatory role for both n-calpain activity and ATP in the interaction of dantrolene with the RyR in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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