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Can J Microbiol. 2000 Dec;46(12):1123-7.

Production and monomer composition of exopolysaccharides by yogurt starter cultures.

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1
Laboratory of Applied Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology, Bulgarian Academy Sciences, Plovdiv.

Abstract

As components of starter cultures for Bulgarian yogurt, Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus revealed extensive exopolysaccharide (EPS) production activity when cultivated in whole cow's milk. The polymer-forming activity of thermophilic streptococci was lower (230-270 mg EPS/L) than that of the lactobacilli (400-540 mg EPS/L). Mixed cultures stimulated EPS production in yogurt manufacture, and a maximum concentration of 720-860 mg EPS/L was recorded after full coagulation of milk. The monomer structure of the exopolysaccharides formed by the yogurt starter cultures principally consists of galactose and glucose (1:1), with small amounts of xylose, arabinose, and/or mannose.

PMID:
11142402
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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