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Diabetes Educ. 2000 Jul-Aug;26(4):597-604.

Compliance and adherence are dysfunctional concepts in diabetes care.

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The Department of Medical Education, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan (Dr Anderson)
The Michigan Diabetes Research and Training Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (Ms Funnell)


Recognizing that adherence and compliance are dysfunctional concepts is not a passing fad or the latest trend in behavioral approaches to diabetes care and education. Shifting from the acute-care/compliance-focused paradigm to an empowerment/collaborative approach requires a new vision of diabetes education and a new definition and enactment of the roles of educators and patients. Our practice is always an expression of our vision; therefore, if our vision is transformed, our practice will most likely change to reflect our vision. Eliminating the concepts of adherence and compliance makes it possible for our patients to discover and actualize their personal responsibility for their diabetes self-management. Also, it helps us to practice diabetes education as win-win collaboration among equals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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