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Diabetes Educ. 2000 Sep-Oct;26(5):806-11.

Who participates in Internet-based self-management programs? A study among novice computer users in a primary care setting.

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  • 1Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon, USA.



The purpose of this study was to evaluate the participation rates and factors associated with nonparticipation among primary care patients who were invited to join an Internet-based self-management research program.


Primary care providers invited their patients with type 2 diabetes to participate in an Internet-based diabetes self-management support program. Research staff contacted these patients by phone to assess their eligibility and interest in participating. Reasons for declining were assessed and demographic/medical status information was collected.


Of the eligible patients, 60% participated in the program. No significant differences were found between participants and decliners in gender, insulin use, computer familiarity, or computer ownership. There were significant differences in age and years since diagnosis. Participants were slightly younger and had diabetes for a fewer number of years than nonparticipants. Nonparticipation was not related to computer or Internet issues.


Most older diabetes patients without previous Internet experience will take part in Internet-based self-management support programs if barriers to participation are addressed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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