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Br J Pharmacol. 2000 Dec;131(8):1513-20.

Suppression of adjuvant arthritis of rats by a novel matrix metalloproteinase-inhibitor.

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Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-1 Iseigaoka, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu, 807-8555, Japan.


BAY 12-9566 (4-[4-(chlorophenyl)phenyl]-4-oxo-2S-(phenylthiomethyl) butanoic acid) is a newly developed, synthetic matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor (MMPI) that selectively inhibits MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-9 isozymes. We study the effect of BAY 12-9566 on inflammation and cartilage destruction in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) in rats. Rats were injected with adjuvant and treated for 21 days with vehicle, Indomethacin or BAY 12-9566. AA was assessed: by measuring arthritic index, paw volume, urinary pyridinoline (Pyr) and deoxypyridinoline (Dpyr); by examining joint inflammation; and by microscopic morphometry of articular cartilages. Oral treatment of rats for 22 days with 50 mg kg(-1) body weight/d BAY 12-9566 showed decreased AA as determined by improvement in body weight gain (P<0.01), arthritic index (P<0.05) and swelling of paws contralateral to the adjuvant injection site (P<0.05). Neutrophil infiltration and collagen degradation were also significantly lower (P<0.01) in this treatment group. Cartilage destruction was successfully suppressed (P<0.01) in rats treated with either 50 mg kg(-1) body weight/d BAY 12-9566 or 1 mg kg(-1) body weight/d Indomethacin. These results indicate that BAY 12-9566 successfully suppressed inflammation and cartilage destruction in rats with AA. Moreover, these results also suggested that MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-9 are involved in arthritic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

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