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Pancreas. 2001 Jan;22(1):58-64.

Differential effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36)amide versus cholecystokinin on arginine-induced islet hormone release in vivo and in vitro.

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1
Department of Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Amel.Guenifi@molmed.ki.se

Abstract

We compared the effects of two incretin hormones, glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36)amide (GLP-1) and cholecystokinin (CCK), on islet hormone secretion. GLP-1 strongly potentiated glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in the perfused rat pancreas and in vivo in mice (p < 0.001). In contrast, GLP-1 did not enhance arginine-induced insulin release under these experimental conditions. In the perfused rat pancreas, GLP-1 also potentiated glucose-stimulated somatostatin secretion but, again, had no effect on arginine-induced somatostatin release. However, GLP-1 promptly inhibited the arginine-induced glucagon release (p < 0.02). In contrast, CCK enhanced insulin release in response to arginine both in the perfused rat pancreas and in vivo in mice (p < 0.001). In conclusion, GLP-1, in contrast to CCK, failed to enhance arginine-induced insulin release both in vitro and in vivo. This suggests that a signal generated by nutrient metabolism is required for the potentiation of insulin secretion by GLP-1. Furthermore, GLP-1 directly inhibited arginine-induced glucagon release as no concurrent increase in insulin or somatostatin release was noted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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