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Pancreas. 2001 Jan;22(1):53-7.

Study on free radicals and pancreatic fibrosis--pancreatic fibrosis induced by repeated injections of superoxide dismutase inhibitor.

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1
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Okayama University Medical School, Japan. nytm-m@terra.dti.ne.jp

Abstract

The exact mechanisms of the development of pancreatic fibrosis are still unknown. To clarify the relationship between pancreatic fibrosis and free radicals, the effect of the administration of a superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibitor, diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC), on pancreatic fibrosis in rats was studied. A single intraperitoneal injection of 500 mg/kg of DDC significantly reduced SOD activity and significantly increased lipid peroxidation products in the pancreas, showing no histologic changes of inflammation or necrosis. Repeated administration of 500 mg/kg DDC, twice a week, caused inter- and intralobular fibrosis with atrophy of acinar cells in the pancreas for at least 2 weeks without fibrosis of the liver and kidney. Administration of allopurinol showed preventive effects against DDC-induced pancreatic fibrosis. In conclusion, repeated administration of DDC, which caused pancreatic fibrosis, is a new experimental model of pancreatic fibrosis from the viewpoint of oxidative stress.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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