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Immunol Rev. 2000 Oct;177:185-94.

Novel pathophysiological role of classical chemotactic peptide receptors and their communications with chemokine receptors.

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Division of Basic Sciences, National Cancer Institute-Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Maryland 21702-1201, USA.


The bacterial N-formylpeptides, such as N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLF), are some of the first identified and most potent chemoattractants for phagocytic leukocytes. Two fMLF receptors, the high affinity formyl peptide receptor (FPR) and its low affinity variant FPR-like 1 (FPRL1), belong to the seven-transmembrane, Gi protein-coupled receptor superfamily which also includes chemokine receptors. Despite their reaction with bacterial chemotactic peptides, the physiological role of these receptors in humans remains unclear. Our recent studies have identified novel exogenous as well as host-derived agonists for FPR and FPRL1. Furthermore, activation of these receptors by their agonists results in desensitization of the receptors for other chemoattractants, including two chemokine receptors, CCR5 and CXCR4, which serve as major co-receptors for HIV-1. These results suggest that FPR and FPRL1 may play important roles not only in host defense and immunological responses but also in the fine tuning of cell activation in the presence of multiple stimuli.

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