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Nat Genet. 2001 Jan;27(1):68-73.

Disruption of a new forkhead/winged-helix protein, scurfin, results in the fatal lymphoproliferative disorder of the scurfy mouse.

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Celltech Chiroscience, Inc., Bothell, Washington, USA.


Scurfy (sf) is an X-linked recessive mouse mutant resulting in lethality in hemizygous males 16-25 days after birth, and is characterized by overproliferation of CD4+CD8- T lymphocytes, extensive multiorgan infiltration and elevation of numerous cytokines. Similar to animals that lack expression of either Ctla-4 or Tgf-beta, the pathology observed in sf mice seems to result from an inability to properly regulate CD4+CD8- T-cell activity. Here we identify the gene defective in sf mice by combining high-resolution genetic and physical mapping with large-scale sequence analysis. The protein encoded by this gene (designated Foxp3) is a new member of the forkhead/winged-helix family of transcriptional regulators and is highly conserved in humans. In sf mice, a frameshift mutation results in a product lacking the forkhead domain. Genetic complementation demonstrates that the protein product of Foxp3, scurfin, is essential for normal immune homeostasis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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