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Hum Immunol. 2000 Nov;61(11):1138-49.

Identification of HLA-G7 as a new splice variant of the HLA-G mRNA and expression of soluble HLA-G5, -G6, and -G7 transcripts in human transfected cells.

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Service de Recherches en Hémato-Immunologie, CEA/DRM/DSV, Hôpital St. Louis, Institut Universitaire d'Hématologie, Cedex 10, Paris, France.


The nonclassical HLA-G primary transcript is alternatively spliced to generate several mRNAs that have the capacity to encode four membrane bound isoforms, namely HLA-G1, -G2, -G3, and -G4 and two soluble isoforms HLA-G5 and -G6. We aimed at defining the capacity of full length and truncated soluble HLA-G transcripts to be translated in human cell lines. Our study of HLA-G alternative transcripts in various human tissues led us to identify a new splice variant of the HLA-G mRNA, named G7, in which open reading frame continues in intron 2. Due to the presence of a stop codon within intron 2, HLA-G7 transcripts retain the capacity to be translated as soluble truncated HLA-G proteins bearing the alpha1 domain linked to two specific aminoacids encoded by intron 2. Expression vectors containing cDNAs encoding HLA-G5, -G6, and -G7 isoforms were transfected into human cell lines. The presence of translated HLA-G5, -G6, and -G7 proteins was detected in protein extracts of transfected cells by Western blot and immunoprecipitation, but only the full length HLA-G5 soluble isoform could be clearly detected as a secreted protein in both transfected cells supernatants and body fluids.

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