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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2000 Dec 29;77(3-4):243-56.

Expression and characterisation of equine interleukin 2 and interleukin 4.

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Immunology Unit, Hannover School of Veterinary Medicine, Bischofsholer Damm 15, 30173, Hannover, Germany.


In the present study, we describe the expression of equine IL2 and IL4. The cDNA of equine IL2 or IL4 was cloned in a mammalian expression vector, containing c-terminal myc- and six histidines His(6)-epitopes for recognition and purification of equine cytokines. The vector constructs were used for transfection of chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Purified equine cytokines were characterised by western blotting. Equine IL2 was secreted with a molecular weight of approximately 17.1kDa, whereas IL4 was expressed in three different sizes of 17.1, 19.6 and 22.1kDa, probably due to different glycosylation modifications. The biological activities of both cytokines were tested by proliferation assays using leukoagglutinin (LAG) prestimulated equine PBMC. Both, equine IL2 and IL4 induced dose-dependent lymphocyte proliferation. In contrast to IL4, IL2 supported the proliferation of B cells.

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