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Curr Biol. 2000 Dec 14-28;10(24):1595-8.

Post-transcriptional control of the Arabidopsis auxin efflux carrier EIR1 requires AXR1.

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Centre for Applied Genetics, University of Agricultural Sciences, Muthgasse 18, A-1190 Vienna, Austria.


The auxin efflux carrier EIR1 (also known as AGR and AtPIN2) is a key mediator of the response of Arabidopsis roots to gravity [1,2]. This response is thought to require the establishment of a transient auxin gradient in the root meristem, resulting in differential cell elongation [3]. Recent reports suggest that EIR1 is essential for the asymmetric distribution of auxin in the root meristem [4-7], but the regulatory aspects of this process are still not fully understood. Here, we studied the regulation of EIR1 in Arabidopsis using two reporters: one was a translational fusion that contained the entire EIR1 coding sequence, and the other a transcriptional fusion that had no EIR1 coding sequence. We found that EIR1 is controlled at the post-transcriptional level. The translational fusion was unstable in response to changes in auxin homeostasis, and was destabilized by cycloheximide. In contrast, the protein was stabilized in the axr1-3 mutant, which is auxin resistant and defective in auxin responses such as root gravitropism [8,9]. AXR1 is thought to participate in ubiquitin-mediated control of protein stability [10-12]. The dependence of EIR1 reporter expression on auxin concentrations and AXR1 suggests that auxin transport is regulated through a feedback regulatory loop that affects protein stability in response to auxin.

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