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Cell. 2000 Dec 8;103(6):897-907.

The mammalian UV response: c-Jun induction is required for exit from p53-imposed growth arrest.

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Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Signal Transduction University of California, San Diego 9500 Gilman Drive 92093, La Jolla, CA, USA.


The mammalian UV response results in rapid and dramatic induction of c-jun. Induction of a protooncogene, normally involved in mitogenic responses, by a genotoxic agent that causes growth arrest seems paradoxical. We now provide an explanation for the role of c-Jun in the UV response of mouse fibroblasts. c-Jun is necessary for cell-cycle reentry of UV-irradiated cells, but does not participate in the response to ionizing radiation. Cells lacking c-Jun undergo prolonged cell-cycle arrest, but resist apoptosis, whereas cells that express c-Jun constitutively do not arrest and undergo apoptosis. This function of c-Jun is exerted through negative regulation of p53 association with the p21 promoter. Cells lacking c-Jun exhibit prolonged p21 induction, whereas constitutive c-Jun inhibits UV-mediated p21 induction.

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