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Calcif Tissue Int. 2000 Nov;67(5):391-9.

The effect of carboxyl-terminal propeptide of type I collagen (c-propeptide) on collagen synthesis of preosteoblasts and osteoblasts.

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Department of Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


Recently we found that the carboxyl-terminal propeptide of type I collagen (c-propeptide) is a major secretory protein of osteoblasts. Mature osteoblasts secreted 64 nM c-propeptide, and it was reported that 40 nM c-propeptide inhibited collagen synthesis at 80% of the control level. In this study, we investigated the effect of c-propeptide on collagen synthesis of preosteoblasts and osteoblasts, and found that preosteoblasts downregulated collagen synthesis by 40 nM c-propeptide, but osteoblasts were not affected by the same condition. When the binding activities of c-propeptide for preosteoblasts and osteoblasts were compared, osteoblasts showed weak affinity to c-propeptide compared with preosteoblasts, and the number of receptors for c-propeptide decreased in osteoblasts. These results imply that a decrease of receptors in osteoblasts might reduce the sensitivity of osteoblasts to c-propeptide.

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