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Headache. 2000 Nov-Dec;40(10):818-23.

Comorbidity of depressive and anxiety disorders in chronic daily headache and its subtypes.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the frequency of depressive and anxiety disorders in patients with chronic daily headache.

BACKGROUND:

There is a lack of data in the literature on the extent of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with different subtypes of chronic daily headache.

METHODS:

We recruited consecutive patients with chronic daily headache seen in a headache clinic from November 1998 to December 1999. The subtypes of chronic daily headache were classified according to the criteria proposed by Silberstein et al. A psychiatrist evaluated the patients according to the structured Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview to assess the comorbidity of depressive and anxiety disorders.

RESULTS:

Two hundred sixty-one patients with chronic daily headache were recruited. The mean age was 46 years, and 80% were women. Transformed migraine was diagnosed in 152 patients (58%) and chronic tension-type headache in 92 patients (35%). Seventy-eight percent of patients with transformed migraine had psychiatric comorbidity, including major depression (57%), dysthymia (11%), panic disorder (30%), and generalized anxiety disorder (8%). Sixty-four percent of patients with chronic tension-type headache had psychiatric diagnoses, including major depression (51%), dysthymia (8%), panic disorder (22%), and generalized anxiety disorder (1%). The frequency of anxiety disorders was significantly higher in patients with transformed migraine after controlling for age and sex (P =.02). Both depressive and anxiety disorders were significantly more frequent in women.

CONCLUSION:

Psychiatric comorbidity, especially major depression and panic disorders, was highly prevalent in patients with chronic daily headache seen in a headache clinic. These results demonstrate that women and patients with transformed migraine are at higher risk of psychiatric comorbidity.

PMID:
11135026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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