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Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2001 Jan;280(1):L116-26.

Nitric oxide attenuates H(2)O(2)-induced endothelial barrier dysfunction: mechanisms of protection.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Indiana University and Richard L. Roudebush Veterans Affairs Medical Centers, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA.


Nitric oxide (.NO) attenuates hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-mediated injury in porcine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) and modulates intracellular levels of cGMP and cAMP. We hypothesized that.NO attenuates H(2)O(2)-induced PAEC monolayer barrier dysfunction through cyclic nucleotide-dependent signaling mechanisms. To examine this hypothesis, cultured PAEC monolayers were treated with H(2)O(2), and barrier function was measured as transmonolayer albumin clearance. H(2)O(2) caused significant PAEC barrier dysfunction that was attenuated by intracellular as well as extracellular.NO generation.NO increased PAEC cGMP and cAMP levels, but treatment with inhibitors of soluble guanylate cyclase or protein kinase G did not abrogate.NO-mediated barrier protection. In contrast, H(2)O(2) decreased protein kinase A activity, and inhibiting protein kinase A abrogated the protective effect of.NO. H(2)O(2)-induced barrier dysfunction was not associated with decreased levels of cGMP or cAMP. 3-Isobutyl-1-methylxanthine and the cGMP analog 8-bromo-cGMP had little effect on H(2)O(2)-mediated endothelial barrier dysfunction, whereas 8-bromo-cAMP plus 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine was protective. These results indicate that.NO modulates vascular endothelial barrier function through cAMP-dependent signaling mechanisms.

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