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J Inorg Biochem. 2000 Nov;82(1-4):1-7.

X-ray structure and the reaction mechanism of bovine heart cytochrome c oxidase.

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Department of Life Science, Himeji Institute of Technology and CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, Kamigohri, Akoh Hyogo.


X-ray structure of bovine heart cytochrome c oxidase in the fully oxidized state shows a peroxide bridging between Fe2+ and Cu2+ in the O2 reduction site. The bond distances for Fe-O and Cu-O are 2.52 and 2.16 A, respectively. The structure is consistent with antiferromagnetic coupling between the two metals, which has long been known and to recent redox titration results [J. Biol. Chem. 274 (1999) 33403]. The trigonal planer coordination of Cu1+ in the O2 reduction site is consistent with the very weak interaction between Cu1+ and O2 bound at Fe2+ revealed by time-resolved resonance Raman investigations. One of the three histidine imidazoles coordinated to the Cu ion in the O2 reduction site fixes a tyrosine phenol group near the O2 reduction site with the direct covalent link between the two groups. The structure suggests that the phenol group is the site for donating protons to the bound O2. Redox-coupled conformational change in an extramembrane loop indicates that an aspartate (Asp51) in the loop apart from the O2 reduction site is the site for proton pumping.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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