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Cancer J. 2000 Nov-Dec;6(6):372-6.

Brain metastases in renal cell carcinoma: management with gamma knife radiosurgery.

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1
Miami Neuroscience Center, Coral Gables, Florida, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate survival and local control of brain metastases in patients with renal cell carcinoma.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

From November 1993 through March 1999, 38 radiosurgical treatments using the Leksell gamma knife unit were performed on 22 patients with renal cell carcinoma. The indications for treatment were failure after whole-brain radiation therapy or de novo treatment. All radiosurgical treatments were given on an outpatient basis. The workup included computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The age of the patients ranged from 38 to 80 years (median age, 60 years). The mean minimum tumor dose was 18 Gy, and the mean volume was 3.9 cc. Previous whole-brain radiation therapy was used in 11/22 (50%) patients. Four of 22 patients presented with single metastasis. Thirteen patients were treated once, one patient was treated four times and one patient seven times for new lesions. The number of lesions treated ranged from one to 21.

RESULTS:

One patient is al ive at 63 months of fol low-up. Twenty-one patients died, with a median survival of 8 months (range, 1-38 months). Eighteen of 21 patients died of nonneurologic causes. Overall local control was 98.5%. One patient developed radiation necrosis. CONCLUSIONS The long-term survival achieved in patients with renal cell carcinoma requires aggressive management, even in the presence of multiple brain metastases. Gamma knife radiosurgery for renal cell carcinoma is an effective noninvasive modality of treatment. It offers high local control rate and improved quality of life and survival.

PMID:
11131486
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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