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Inflamm Res. 2000 Nov;49(11):633-8.

Human dendritic cells are a physiological source of the chemotactic arachidonic acid metabolite 5-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid.

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Abteilung Experimentelle Dermatologie, University of Freiburg, Germany. zimpfer@haut-ukl.uni-freiburg-de



The arachidonic acid metabolite, 5-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE), is a potent chemotaxin for neutrophils and eosinophils. The aim of this study was to identify physiological conditions and stimulators of 5-oxo-ETE synthesis, because no such conditions have yet been identified.


Human neutrophils and monocyte-derived dendritic cells were prepared and 5-oxo-ETE synthesis analyzed using precolumn/reversed-phase HPLC under different conditions and with several physiological and unphysiological stimuli.


Incubation of neutrophils with 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) resulted in the synthesis of about 3.4 nM 5-oxo-ETE per 10(6) cells in 1 ml under optimal conditions. The synthesis was enhanced about 8-fold with the unphysiological stimuli calcium ionophore A23187 and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). No significant effect was observed with different physiological activators. Under optimal conditions, human dendritic cells produced about 50 nM 5-oxo-ETE per 10(6) cells in 1 ml. The synthesis could be increased with PMA and A23187 by about 50%. Again, no effect could be observed with physiological agents for dendritic cells such as complement fragment C5a, platelet activating factor, N-formyl peptides and interleukin-5.


These data identified dendritic cells as the only yet known physiological source of relevant amounts of 5-oxo-ETE. This suggests a regulatory function of dendritic cells in the induction of inflammatory neutrophil and eosinophil infiltration caused by 5-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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