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Histochem Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;114(4):323-35.

Outside-in regulation of integrin clustering processes by ECM components per se and their involvement in actin cytoskeleton organization in a colon adenocarcinoma cell line.

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UPRES-A CNRS 6032, Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Aix-Marseille I et II, France.


We investigated in a colon adenocarcinoma cell line, the exclusive role of extracellular matrix (ECM) components in the absence of soluble factors regarding the integrin clustering processes, and their implication in cell adhesion, spreading and organization of the actin cytoskeleton. Caco-2 cells were shown to express at the plasma membrane 11 integrins, some of which (e.g. alpha3beta1, alpha5beta1, alpha6beta1/beta4, alpha8beta1 and alpha(v)beta1/beta5/beta6) were identified for the first time in this cell line. Cell adhesion and spreading processes were governed essentially by lamellipodium, the regulation of which was shown to be induced by two types of integrin clustering processes mediated by ECM proteins alone. During these phenomena, alpha2beta1, alpha(v)beta6 and alpha6beta1 integrins, the Caco-2 cell specific receptors of type IV collagen, fibronectin and laminin, respectively, were clustered in small focal complexes (point contacts), whereas alpha(v)beta5, the vitronectin receptor in this cell line, was aggregated in focal adhesions. The two levels of integrin clustering induced only F-actin cortical web formation organized in thin radial and/or circular filaments. We conclude thus that ECM components per se through their action on integrin clustering are involved in cell adhesion, cortical actin cytoskeleton organization and cell spreading.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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