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Cell Mol Life Sci. 2000 Apr;57(4):651-74.

The structure and function of initiation factors in eukaryotic protein synthesis.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, 11203, USA. tpestova@netmail.hscbklyn.edu

Abstract

Protein synthesis is one of the most complex cellular processes, involving numerous translation components that interact in multiple sequential steps. The most complex stage in protein synthesis is the initiation process. It involves initiation factor-mediated assembly of a 40S ribosomal subunit and initiator tRNA into a 48S initiation complex at the initiation codon of an mRNA and subsequent joining of a 60S ribosomal subunit to form a translationally active 80S ribosome. The basal set of factors required for translation initiation has been determined, and biochemical, genetic, and structural studies are now beginning to reveal details of their individual functions in this process. The mechanism of translation initiation has also been found to be influenced significantly by structural properties of the 5' and 3' termini of individual mRNAs. This review describes some of the major developments in elucidating molecular details of the mechanism of initiation that have occurred over the last decade.

PMID:
11130464
DOI:
10.1007/PL00000726
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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