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Cell Struct Funct. 2000 Aug;25(4):263-7.

ADP-dependent microtubule translocation by flagellar inner-arm dyneins.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Japan.


Previous studies have shown that the motility of flagellar and ciliary axonemes in many organisms are influenced by the concentration of both ATP and ADP. Detergent-extracted cell models of Chlamydomonas oda1, a mutant lacking flagellar outer-arm dynein, displayed slightly lower flagellar beating frequencies when reactivated with ATP in the presence of an ATP-regenerating system, composed of creatine phosphate and creatine phosphokinase, than when reactivated with ATP alone. Thus, presence of a low concentration of ADP may somehow stimulate axonemal motility. To see if this motility stimulation is due to a direct effect on dynein, we analyzed the effect of ADP on the in vitro microtubule translocation caused by isolated inner-arm dyneins in the presence of ATP. Of the seven inner-arm dyneins (species a-g) fractionated by ion-exchange chromatography, most species translocated microtubules at faster speed in the presence of 0.1 mM ATP and 0.1 mM ADP than in the presence of 0.1 mM ATP alone. Most notably, species a and e did not translocate microtubules at all in the presence of the ATP-regenerating system, indicating that a trace amount of ADP is necessary for their motility. This regulation may be effected through binding of ADP to some of the four nucleotide binding sites in each dynein heavy chain.

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