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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2000 Dec;20(12):1681-9.

Role for matrix metalloproteinase 9 after focal cerebral ischemia: effects of gene knockout and enzyme inhibition with BB-94.

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Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown 02129, USA.


It has been shown recently that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are elevated after cerebral ischemia. In the current study, we investigated the pathophysiologic role for MMP-9 (gelatinase B, EC. in a mouse model of permanent focal cerebral ischemia, using a combination of genetic and pharmacologic approaches. Zymography and Western blot analysis demonstrated that MMP-9 protein levels were rapidly up-regulated in brain after ischemic onset. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction showed increased transcription of MMP-9. There were no differences in systemic hemodynamic parameters and gross cerebrovascular anatomy between wild type mice and mutant mice with a targeted knockout of the MMP-9 gene. After induction of focal ischemia, similar reductions in cerebral blood flow were obtained. In the MMP-9 knockout mice, ischemic lesion volumes were significantly reduced compared with wild type littermates in male and female mice. In normal wild type mice, the broad spectrum MMP inhibitor BB-94 (batimastat) also significantly reduced ischemic lesion size. However, BB-94 had no detectable protective effect when administered to MMP-9 knockout mice subjected to focal cerebral ischemia. These data demonstrate that MMP-9 plays a deleterious role in the development of brain injury after focal ischemia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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