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Mol Gen Genet. 2000 Nov;264(4):441-51.

The Prr1 response regulator is essential for transcription of ste11+ and for sexual development in fission yeast.

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Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, School of Agriculture, Nagoya University, Japan.


Schizosaccharomyces pombe expresses a putative transcription factor, named Prr1, which is intriguing in the sense that it contains a bacterial type of phospho-accepting receiver domain, preceded by a mammalian heat shock factor (HSF2)-like DNA-binding domain. The receiver domain is most probably involved in an as yet unidentified histidine-to-aspartate (His-to-Asp) phosphorelay pathway in S. pombe. In this study, the structure, function, and cellular localization of Prr1 were assessed in the context of oxidative stress and His-to-Asp phosphorelay. As the most intriguing result of this study, we found that Prr1 is essential not only for the expression of genes induced by oxidative stress (e.g., ctt1+ and trr1+), but also for the expression of ste11+, which in turn is responsible for the expression of a variety of genes required for sexual development. Accordingly, Prr1-deficient cells are not only hypersensitive to oxidative stress, but also severely defective in conjugation and/or spore formation. These results suggested that the transcription factor Prr1 plays a pivotal role in an as yet unknown signal transduction pathway that is implicated in sexual differentiation. These findings are discussed with special reference to the well-characterized transcription factors Pap1 and Atf1 of S. pombe.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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