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Mol Membr Biol. 2000 Jul-Sep;17(3):123-33.

The pyoverdin receptor FpvA, a TonB-dependent receptor involved in iron uptake by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (review).

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Département des Récepteurs et Protéines Membranaires, UPR 9050 CNRS, Boulevard Sébastien Brant, F-67400 Illkirch, Strasbourg, France.


Iron is an important element, essential for the growth of almost all living cells. Because of the high insolubility of iron(III) in aerobic conditions, many gram-negative bacteria produce, under iron limitation, small iron-chelating compounds called siderophores, together with new outer-membrane proteins, which function as receptors for the ferrisiderophores. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an important human opportunistic pathogen, produces at least three known siderophores when grown in iron-deficient conditions: pyochelin, salicylate and pyoverdin. This review focuses on pyoverdin and on the ability of FpvA to bind iron-free and ferric-PaA pyoverdin, in the light of recent information gained from biochemical and biophysical studies and of the recently solved 3D-structures of the related ferrichrome FhuA and enterobactin FepA receptors in Escherichia coli.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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