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J Chromatogr A. 2000 Nov 3;897(1-2):81-97.

Protein adsorption on novel acrylamido-based polymeric ion exchangers. II. Adsorption rates and column behavior.

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  • 1Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22903-2442, USA.


Uptake kinetics and breakthrough behavior were determined for bovine serum albumin (BSA) and alpha-chymotrypsinogen (alphaCHY) in new polymeric ion-exchange media based on acrylamido monomers. Two anion exchangers and a cation exchanger were investigated. As shown in Part I of this work, the two anion exchangers have different morphologies. The first one, BRX-Q, comprises a low-density gel with a matrix of denser polymeric aggregates. While this material has a very low size-exclusion limit for neutral probes, it exhibits an extremely high binding capacity for BSA. The second anion exchanger, BRX-QP, comprises large open pores but has a very low binding capacity. The cation exchanger, BRX-S, also comprises large open pores but exhibits an intermediate capacity; likely as a result of the presence of smaller pores. Dynamic protein uptake experiments showed that the highest mass transfer rates are obtained with BRX-Q. The apparent diffusivity is also highest for this material and increases substantially as the protein concentration is reduced. For these particles, the external film resistance is dominant at very low protein concentrations. Much lower rates and apparent diffusivities are obtained for BRX-QP. Finally intermediate rates and apparent diffusivities are found with BRX-S. The concentration dependence of the apparent pore diffusivity is much less pronounced in this case. The apparently paradoxical result that mass transfer rates are highest for the material with the smallest neutral-probe size-exclusion limit can be explained in terms of a general conceptual model where parallel pore and adsorbed-phase diffusion paths exist in these particles. In the first case, adsorbed phase diffusion in gel pores is dominant, while in the second transport is dominated by diffusion in a macroporous network. In the third case, both contributions are important. The conceptual model provides an accurate prediction of the breakthrough behavior of columns packed with these media using independently determined rate parameters. Dynamic binding capacities of 80-140 mg/ml were observed for BSA on BRX-Q in ca. 1.5 cm columns operated at 300-900 cm/h in agreement with theoretical predictions.

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