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Depress Anxiety. 2000;12(3):166-9.

Electroencephalogram and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.

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Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.


Scalp recordings of the electroencephalogram (EEG) have been used in association with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) investigations as a safety measure in monitoring ongoing EEG activity and as a neurophysiologic tool in examining the specific effects induced by the magnetic stimulus on the EEG or evoked potentials (EPs). Medline review on the use of EEG or EPs with rTMS reveals that this area has been largely unexplored. Limited available studies attest to the potential for studies combining EEG/EPs and rTMS to be useful in further elucidating the normal brain physiology. Herein, we report on our experience with continuous EEG sampling combined with rTMS in patients with major depression (n = 14), schizophrenia (n = 7), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (n = 5). Our data support the practice of using continuous EEG monitoring when the stimulation parameters fall outside established safety guidelines.

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