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Behav Brain Res. 1999 Oct;104(1-2):141-6.

CB1 cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 decreases intravenous cocaine self-administration in rats.

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Bernard B. Brodie Department of Neuroscience, University of Cagliari, Italy.


The effect of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2 on intravenous cocaine self-administration (IVSA) in rats was evaluated. Male Long Evans rats were implanted with silastic catheters through the external jugular vein. The IVSA was conducted in 3-h daily sessions with a fixed ratio (FR1) schedule: the experimental apparatus had a nose-poking response-like operandum. Intravenous pre-treatment with WIN 55,212-2 (0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg) to rats self-administering cocaine (0.25 or 0.5 mg/kg/inj) at stable baseline, reduces cocaine intake in a dose-dependent manner. The CB1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A (3 mg/kg i.p.) completely reversed the WIN 55,212-2-induced decrease of cocaine intake. However, pre-treatment of SR 141716A alone (up to dose of 9 mg/kg i.p.) was unable to modify cocaine IVSA. These results indicate that stimulation of CB1 cannabinoid receptors activates rewarding mechanisms which produce reinforcing effects additional to those induced by cocaine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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