Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Pharmacol. 2001 Jan;59(1):113-21.

Dopamine D2 receptor regulation of the dopamine transporter expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes is voltage-independent.

Author information

Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience Program, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, USA.


Presynaptic dopamine D2 receptors (D2Rs) regulate dopamine transporter (DAT) activity in the brain. A potential mechanism was suggested by the observations that somatodendritic D2R activation produces hyperpolarization and the velocity of DAT expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes varies with changes in membrane potential. To investigate whether D2R regulation of DAT function is voltage-dependent, we coexpressed the long isoform of the human (h) D2R and the hDAT in oocytes. Most DAT substrates fully activate D2Rs at concentrations used to measure uptake. Thus, DAT function was compared under conditions of maximal D2R activation (0.1-10 microM DA) or maximal D2R blockade (DA + 1 microM (-)-sulpiride). D2R activation significantly increased [3H]DA uptake into unclamped oocytes expressing relatively lower velocities. Uptake measured with a saturating concentration of DA suggested a D2R-induced increase in Vmax. The D2R-mediated enhancement of DA uptake was not associated with changes in resting membrane potential and was abolished by pertussis toxin pretreatment. Furthermore, in voltage-clamped oocytes, D2R activation enhanced both DA uptake and DAT-mediated steady-state currents by as much as 70%. Activation of D2Rs resulted in a 59% increase in cell surface binding of the cocaine analog [3H]WIN 35,428; this effect was also abolished by pertussis toxin pretreatment. Saturation experiments confirmed that D2R activation was associated with an increased Bmax and unchanged Ki for [3H]WIN 35,428. These results suggest that D2R-induced up-regulation of DAT activity occurs via a voltage-independent mechanism that depends on G(i/o) activation and a rapid increase in expression of functional DAT molecules at the cell surface.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center