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J Immunol. 2001 Jan 1;166(1):531-7.

Differential modulation of stimulatory and inhibitory Fc gamma receptors on human monocytes by Th1 and Th2 cytokines.

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Department of Medicine, Hospital for Special Surgery and Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA.


Immune complex-mediated inflammatory responses are initiated by Fc gamma R on phagocytes. We report in this study that an inhibitory receptor, Fc gamma RIIb2, is expressed on circulating human monocytes, and when co-cross-linked with stimulatory Fc gamma R it down-regulates effector function. Fc gamma RIIb2 expression is increased by IL-4 and decreased by IFN-gamma, in contrast to the activating receptor, Fc gamma RIIa, which is increased by IFN-gamma and decreased by IL-4. Thus, Th1 and Th2 cytokines differentially regulate the opposing Fc gamma R systems, altering the balance of activating and inhibiting Fc gamma R. The detection and cytokine modulation of Fc gamma RIIb2 in human myeloid cells provide evidence of a negative regulator of immune complex-mediated responses in human phagocytes and offer a new approach to limit Ab-triggered inflammation in autoimmune disease.

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