Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Exp Immunol. 2000 Dec;122(3):453-8.

MHC class I pathway is not required for the development of crescentic glomerulonephritis in mice.

Author information

The Centre for Inflammatory Diseases, Monash University Department of Medicine, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.


MHC II and CD4+ T cells are required for anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) globulin-initiated crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) in mice, but the role of MHC I and CD8+ T cells is unclear. The cytolytic function of CD8+ T cells requires recognition of peptide antigens presented on MHC I. CD8+ T cells can also perform helper functions via cytokine production. The contribution of MHC I to crescentic GN was investigated using TAP-1 gene knock out (TAP-1-/-) mice, which have deficient MHC I antigen presentation. Heterozygous TAP-1 mice have normal MHC I expression and developed GN with crescents in 42 +/- 4% of glomeruli (normal 0%), proteinuria (9.1 +/- 1.6 mg/20 h, normal 1.5 +/- 0.3 mg/20 h) and impaired renal function (creatinine clearance 110 +/- 8 microl/min, normal 193 +/- 10 microl/min) following administration of sheep anti-mouse GBM globulin. TAP-1-/- mice, which have extremely low MHC I expression and reduced CD8+ T cells, developed similar GN with 39 +/- 3% crescents, proteinuria (12.7 +/- 4.3 mg/20 h) and impaired renal function (creatinine clearance 123 +/- 20 microl/min). In vivo antibody-induced CD8 depletion did not attenuate crescent formation or protect renal function in C57Bl/6 mice developing GN, although significant reduction in proteinuria (5.3 +/- 1.2 mg/20 h, P = 0. 012) and glomerular recruitment of CD4+ T cells and macrophages were observed compared with control treated mice with GN. These data demonstrate that MHC I is not required for development of crescentic GN in mice. The MHC I-independent contribution of CD8+ T cells to proteinuria and inflammatory cell recruitment suggests that they may serve a 'helper' rather than cytolytic role in this disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center