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Free Radic Biol Med. 2000 Dec;29(11):1085-95.

LC-MS/MS detection of peroxynitrite-derived 3-nitrotyrosine in rat microvessels.

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Neuroscience Therapeutics, Pfizer Global Research and Development, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA.


3-Nitrotyrosine (3NT) is used as a biomarker of nitrative pathology caused by peroxynitrite (PN), myeloperoxidase (MPO)-, and/or eosinophil peroxidase (EPO)-dependent nitrite oxidation. 3NT measurements in biological materials are usually based on either antibody staining, HPLC detection, or GC detection methodologies. In this report, a procedure is described for the measurement of 3NT and tyrosine (TYR) by LC-MS/MS that is simple, direct, and sensitive. Though highly specialized in its use as an assay, LC-MS/MS technology is available in many research centers in academia and industry. The critical assay for 3NT was linear below 100 ng/ml and the limit of detection was below 100 pg/ml. Regarding protein digested samples, we found that MRM was most selective with 133.1 m/z as the daughter ion. In comparison, LC-ECD was 100 times less sensitive. Basal levels of 3NT in extracted digests of rat brain homogenate were easily detected by LC-MS/MS, but were below detection by LC-ECD. The LC-MS/MS assay was used to detect 3NT in rat brain homogenate that was filtered through a 180 micron nylon mesh. Three fractions were collected and examined by phase contrast microscopy. The mass ratio (3NT/TYR) of 3NT in fractions of large vessel enrichment, microvessel enrichment, and vessel depletion was 0.6 ng/mg, 1.2 ng/mg, and 0.2 ng/mg, respectively. Ultimately, we found that the basal 3NT/TYR mass ratio as determined by LC-MS/MS was six times greater in microvessel-enriched brain tissue vs. tissue devoid of microvessels.

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