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J Invest Dermatol. 2000 Dec;115(6):1021-8.

Expression of proopiomelanocortin peptides in human dermal microvascular endothelial cells: evidence for a regulation by ultraviolet light and interleukin-1.

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1
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Cell Biology and Immunobiology of the Skin, Department of Dermatology, University of Münster, Germany.

Erratum in

  • J Invest Dermatol 2001 May;116(5):829.

Abstract

Proopiomelanocortin peptides such as alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone and adrenocorticotropin are expressed in the epidermal and dermal compartment of the skin after noxious stimuli and are recognized as modulators of immune and inflammatory reactions. Human dermal microvascular endothelial cells mediate leukocyte-endothelial interactions during cutaneous inflammation by the expression of cellular adhesion molecules and cytokines such as interleukin-1. This study addresses the hypothesis that human dermal microvascular endothelial cells express both proopiomelanocortin and prohormone convertases, which are required to generate proopiomelanocortin peptides. Semiquantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and northern blot studies revealed a constitutive expression of proopiomelanocortin mRNA by human dermal microvascular endothelial cells in vitro that was time- and concentration-dependently upregulated by interleukin-1 beta. Furthermore, irradiation of human dermal microvascular endothelial cells with ultraviolet A1 (30J per cm(2)) or ultraviolet B (12.5 mJ per cm(2)) enhanced proopiomelanocortin expression as well as the production and release of the proopiomelanocortin peptides adrenocorticotropin and alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone. In addition to proopiomelanocortin, prohormone convertase 1 mRNA expression was detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in unstimulated human dermal microvascular endothelial cells and was augmented after exposure to alpha-melanocyte- stimulating hormone, interleukin-1 beta, or irradiation with ultraviolet. These findings demonstrate that human dermal microvascular endothelial cells express proopiomelanocortin and prohormone convertase 1 required for the generation of adrenocorticotropin. Additionally, human dermal microvascular endothelial cells express mRNA for the prohormone convertase 2 binding protein 7B2. Taken together these findings indicate that human dermal microvascular endothelial cells upon stimulation express both proopiomelanocortin and prohormone convertases required for the generation of alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone. As proopiomelanocortin peptides were found to regulate the production of human dermal microvascular endothelial cell cytokines and adhesion molecules and to have a variety of anti-inflammatory properties these peptides may significantly contribute to the modulation of skin inflammation. J Invest Dermatol 115:1021-1028 2000.

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