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Fertil Steril. 2000 Dec;74(6):1196-9.

Hyperhomocysteinemia and recurrent early pregnancy loss: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. w.nelen@obgyn.AZN.NL

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To quantify the risk of recurrent early pregnancy loss in the presence of elevated fasting or afterload homocysteine concentrations or homozygosity for the 677C-->T mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene (T/T genotype).

DESIGN:

Case-control studies published between January 1992 and November 1999 were identified with a MEDLINE-search. These studies were combined with a recent case-control study performed by our own research group.

SETTING:

Academic research environment.

PATIENT(S):

Studies published in the English language, concerning two or more pregnancy losses before 16 weeks' menstrual age were included.

INTERVENTION(S):

Meta-analysis of all of the studies included.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

The number of subjects with and without hyperhomocysteinemia or with the T/T genotype were derived, if necessary the study was supplemented by personal communication with the original authors.

RESULT(S):

Pooled risk estimates of 2.7 (1.4 to 5.2) and 4.2 (2.0 to 8.8) were calculated for fasting and afterload plasma homocysteine concentrations, respectively. For the MTHFR T/T genotype a pooled risk estimate of 1.4 (1.0 to 2.0) was found.

CONCLUSION(S):

These data support hyperhomocysteinemia as a risk factor for recurrent early pregnancy loss. Further research should be focused on the pathophysiology of this relationship and on the clinical efficacy of B vitamin supplementation.

PMID:
11119750
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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