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Vet Microbiol. 2000 Dec 20;77(3-4):357-67.

Comparative sensitivity of various faecal culture methods and ELISA in dairy cattle herds with endemic Johne's disease.

Author information

1
NSW Agriculture, EMAI, PMB 8, NSW 2570, Camden, Australia. graeme.eamens@agric.nsw.gov.au

Abstract

In three New South Wales dairy cattle herds with endemic Johne's disease, prevalence rates by faecal culture were determined to be 12, 18 and 22%, respectively. Whole herd faecal culture was shown to detect markedly more infected cattle than whole herd testing by the EMAI absorbed ELISA, particularly in the two herds with greatest prevalence. In the three study herds, five methods for whole herd faecal culture were compared in each. These included two methods based on primary culture on Herrold's egg yolk medium with mycobactin J (HEYM): (1) conventional decontamination with sedimentation and primary culture on HEYM; (2) Whitlock decontamination and culture on HEYM. The remaining three methods were based on radiometric (BACTEC) culture: (3) decontamination and filtration to BACTEC medium; (4) modified Whitlock decontamination to BACTEC medium and (5) Whitlock decontamination to BACTEC medium. For BACTEC cultures, two methods were compared as confirmatory tests for Mycobacterium paratuberculosis: mycobactin dependence on conventional subculture to HEYM and IS900 PCR analysis of radiometric media. Among 179 cattle tested simultaneously by all five culture methods, 38 cattle were confirmed to be shedding M. paratuberculosis. In identifying shedder cattle, method 5 was the most sensitive, followed by methods 2, 4, 1, and 3 was the least sensitive. The number of BACTEC cultures confirmed by mycobactin dependence or PCR was similar.

PMID:
11118721
DOI:
10.1016/s0378-1135(00)00321-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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