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Plant Physiol. 2000 Dec;124(4):1483-92.

A simple procedure for the analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms facilitates map-based cloning in Arabidopsis.

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Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA.


We developed a modified allele-specific PCR procedure for assaying single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and used the procedure (called SNAP for single-nucleotide amplified polymorphisms) to generate 62 Arabidopsis mapping markers. SNAP primers contain a single base pair mismatch within three nucleotides from the 3' end of one allele (the specific allele) and in addition have a 3' mismatch with the nonspecific allele. A computer program called SNAPER was used to facilitate the design of primers that generate at least a 1,000-fold difference in the quantity of the amplification products from the specific and nonspecific SNP alleles. Because SNAP markers can be readily assayed by electrophoresis on standard agarose gels and because a public database of over 25,000 SNPs is available between the Arabidopsis Columbia and Landsberg erecta ecotypes, the SNAP method greatly facilitates the map-based cloning of Arabidopsis genes defined by a mutant phenotype.

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