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Oncogene. 2000 Nov 16;19(48):5539-42.

A role for FAK in the Concanavalin A-dependent secretion of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9.

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Laboratory of Molecular Pathogenesis, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.


To study the signaling pathway critical for the secretion of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), we examined the role of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in Concanavalin A (Con A)-stimulated cells. We established a cell line in which FAK gene was conditionally inducible by use of FAK-null fibroblasts and the tetracycline repression system. In this cell line, FAK expression was undetectable in the presence of tetracycline but induced within 1 day by the removal of the drug. We found that FAK expression augmented the Con A-dependent secretion of MMP-9 and MMP-2. In contrast, proteolytic activation of MMP-2 by Con A-treatment did not require FAK expression. In addition, activation of MMP-secretion and tyrosine phosphorylation of FAK by Con A, but not the proteolytic activation of MMP-2, required attachment of the cells to the extracellular matrix. Taken together, our results suggest that the FAK signaling pathway play a pivotal role in the secretion of MMPs.

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