Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Oncogene. 2000 Nov 16;19(48):5444-52.

The integrin linked kinase (ILK) induces an invasive phenotype via AP-1 transcription factor-dependent upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9).

Author information

  • 1BC Cancer Agency and Vancouver Hospital, Jack Bell Research Centre, Canada.


Overexpression of Integrin Linked Kinase (ILK) in intestinal and mammary epithelial cells results in a highly invasive phenotype, associated with increased levels of expression of the matrix metalloproteinase MMP-9. This increase was at the transcriptional level as determined by MMP-9 promoter-CAT reporter assays. Mutations in the two AP-1 binding sites within the MMP-9 promoter completely inhibited the reporter activity. We have previously shown that ILK inhibits glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) activity. Transient transfection of wild-type GSK-3beta in ILK-overexpressing cells decreased MMP-9 promoter activity and AP-1 activity, indicating that ILK can stimulate MMP-9 expression via GSK-3beta and AP-1 transcription factor. A small molecule inhibitor of the ILK kinase reduced the in vitro invasiveness of ILK-overexpressing cells as well as the invasiveness of several human brain tumor cell lines. Furthermore, both MMP-9 promoter and AP-1 activities were inhibited by the ILK inhibitor. Invasiveness of ILK-overexpressing cells was also reduced by inhibition of MMP-9. These data demonstrate that ILK can induce an invasive phenotype via AP-1-dependent upregulation of MMP-9.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Support Center