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Urology. 2000 Dec 4;56(6 Suppl 1):64-9.

Laparoscopic paravaginal repair plus burch colposuspension: review and descriptive technique.

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  • 1Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, Northside Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.


The objective of this article was to review the available literature on laparoscopic Burch urethropexy cure rates and describe the authors' laparoscopic technique and experience with Burch urethropexy and paravaginal repair. A MEDLINE search (1991 to 1999) was performed for articles describing the laparoscopic Burch urethropexy using suture to elevate and stabilize the paraurethral tissue. Also a retrospective chart review of the authors' 171 consecutive patients between January 1997 and December 1999 was done. The laparoscopic Burch urethropexy and paravaginal repair is described using an open laparoscopic technique with 3 accessory ports for access. A transperitoneal approach is taken to gain access to the space of Retzius. The anterior vaginal wall and its paravaginal defects, if present, are identified. Nonabsorbable sutures are placed in a conventional fashion. The paravaginal repair is used for support of the anterior vaginal wall proximal to the urethral vesical junction and the Burch urethropexy distal to the vesical neck. An average of 6 sutures are used for the paravaginal repair and 4 sutures for the Burch urethropexy. Cystoscopy is performed to ensure no breech of lower urinary tract integrity. In all, 20 articles describing a laparoscopic Burch urethropexy and postoperative cure rate were identified. Cure rates ranged from 69% to 100%. A review of our experience revealed 130 of 171 patients had a Burch urethropexy and paravaginal repair, 23 of 171 patients a Burch urethropexy alone, and 18 of 171 patients a paravaginal repair alone. Of the authors' 171 patients, 4 (2.3%) had injury to the lower urinary tract during laparoscopic Burch urethropexy or paravaginal repair. All 4 injuries were cystotomies, 2 in patients with previous open retropubic urethropexies. No ureteral ligations or intravesical placement of suture was diagnosed. Other surgical parameters for the laparoscopic Burch uethropexy and paravaginal repair include an estimated blood loss of 50 mL, average hospital stay of less than 23 hours, and an average operative time of 70 minutes. All patients had their surgery completed via laparoscopy. The literature review and our personal experience suggests that the laparoscopic Burch urethropexy and paravaginal repair are safe and effective alternatives to traditional laparotomy for the treatment of genuine anatomic stress urine incontinence and cystourethrocele resulting from lateral vaginal wall defects.

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