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Curr Biol. 2000 Nov 30;10(23):1523-6.

The protein tyrosine phosphatase Shp-2 regulates RhoA activity.

Author information

1
Australian Center for Blood Diseases, Monash University Department of Medicine, 3128,., Melbourne, Australia. Simone.Schoenwaelder@med.monash.edu.au

Abstract

Remodeling of filamentous actin into distinct arrangements is precisely controlled by members of the Rho family of small GTPases [1]. A well characterized member of this family is RhoA, whose activation results in reorganization of the cytoskeleton into thick actin stress fibers terminating in integrin-rich focal adhesions [2]. Regulation of RhoA is required to maintain adhesion in stationary cells, but is also critical for cell spreading and migration [3]. Despite its biological importance, the signaling events leading to RhoA activation are not fully understood. Several independent studies have implicated tyrosine phosphorylation as a critical event upstream of RhoA [4]. Consistent with this, our recent studies have demonstrated the existence of a protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase), sensitive to the dipeptide aldehyde calpeptin, acting upstream of RhoA [5]. Here we identify the SH2 (Src homology region 2)-containing PTPase Shp-2 as a calpeptin-sensitive PTPase, and show that calpeptin interferes with the catalytic activity of Shp-2 in vitro and with Shp-2 signaling in vivo. Finally, we show that perturbation of Shp-2 activity by a variety of genetic manipulations results in raised levels of active RhoA. Together, these studies identify Shp-2 as a PTPase acting upstream of RhoA to regulate its activity and contribute to the coordinated control of cell movement.

PMID:
11114521
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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