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Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2000;14(23):2294-9.

A rapid screening assay for measuring urinary androsterone and etiocholanolone delta(13)C ( per thousand) values by gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry.

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UCLA Olympic Analytical Laboratory, Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, University of California at Los Angeles, 2122 Granville Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90025-6106, USA.


A gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC/C/IRMS) method is described and validated for measurement of delta(13)C values of the acetate derivatives of urinary etiocholanolone and androsterone. The analysis was performed with only 2 mL of urine. The sample preparation consisted of deconjugation with beta-glucuronidase, solid phase extraction, and derivatization with acetic anhydride and pyridine. The within-assay precision of two quality control (QC) urine samples ranged from 0.5 to 2.1 CV%. The between-assay precision in the same QC urines ranged from 1.7 to 3.4 CV%. Administration of testosterone enanthate to a subject resulted in a 6 per thousand decrease in delta(13)C values from -25 per thousand (baseline) to -31 per thousand. Two weeks after testosterone administration was discontinued, the delta(13)C values remained abnormally low while the urine testosterone/epitestosterone (T/E) ratio returned to less than 6. This relatively simple method is useful for rapidly screening a large number of urine samples, including those with T/E <6.

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