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Mol Cell Biol. 2001 Jan;21(1):39-50.

Analysis of the steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC1)-CREB binding protein interaction interface and its importance for the function of SRC1.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, United Kingdom.


The transcriptional activity of nuclear receptors is mediated by coactivator proteins, including steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC1) and its homologues and the general coactivators CREB binding protein (CBP) and p300. SRC1 contains an activation domain (AD1) which functions via recruitment of CBP and and p300. In this study, we have used yeast two-hybrid and in vitro interaction-peptide inhibition experiments to map the AD1 domain of SRC1 to a 35-residue sequence potentially containing two alpha-helices. We also define a 72-amino-acid sequence in CBP necessary for SRC1 binding, designated the SRC1 interaction domain (SID). We show that in contrast to SRC1, direct binding of CBP to the estrogen receptor is weak, suggesting that SRC1 functions primarily as an adaptor to recruit CBP and p300. In support of this, we show that the ability of SRC1 to enhance ligand-dependent nuclear receptor activity in transiently transfected cells is dependent upon the integrity of the AD1 region. In contrast, the putative histone acetyltransferase domain, the Per-Arnt-Sim basic helix-loop-helix domain, the glutamine-rich domain, and AD2 can each be removed without loss of ligand-induced activity. Remarkably, a construct corresponding to residues 631 to 970, which contains only the LXXLL motifs and the AD1 region of SRC1, retained strong coactivator activity in our assays.

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